Scientists have found out that space weather predictors need to forecast the speed of solar flare-up, as much as their size to guard astronauts and satellites.
The University of Reading Scientists discovered that by computing speed of Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) after hitting Earth, weather analysts could offer more practical early warnings. It could be helpful to operators of vital infrastructure like satellites to know whether they need to take temporary measures or switch off the systems to protect them.
Coronal mass ejections come as a result of vast eruptions of matter from the sun, hurling through space, and alarming the magnetic field of Earth. By the use of solar imagers to calculate the CME speed near the sun, it is likely to forecast the arriving time of the CME to the Earth’s atmosphere.
Technological systems operators such as satellites that are exposed to the space weather then get to have a chance to take action in a bid to reduce the damage. However, scientists state that such cautions could be more helpful if combined with more complicated information about the harshness of the storm after it hits the Earth.
Professor Mathew Owens, who is a University of Reading a space scientist, stated that Not all the coronal mass ejections activate rigorous radiation. It means that by looking at sun for action, we receive a lot of the false alarms where a deed is taken that is not required.
While it is advisable to stay safe than sorry, particularly with the astronauts’ health, sometimes the cost of frequently taking unwanted action to guard a satellite network could become more costly compared to the potential space weather dent itself.
Space weather is noted as one of the most significant hazards to the United Kingdom and many other nations because of the likelihood that computers, electricity systems, and communication networks could be interrupted. Billions of dollars are presently being spent on new rockets and systems to enhance forecast and calculate eruptions after their occurrence.
In new research, published on Space Weather, a scientific journal, the researchers summarize a new method of quantifying the value of getting to know the arrival time of CME. They depict that the CME speed on Earth is a helpful additional piece of information that could be of use in reducing the number of the false alarms as well as make forecasts more precious.
The scientists state that heir discovery should assist in guiding future efforts in improving space weather forecast, assisting to guard serious infrastructure and astronauts” health in the forthcoming days.